General information

Flag of Australia

Official designation
Commonwealth of Australia
Capital and seat of government
Head of State
HM Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General HE General the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove
Head of Government
Scott Morrison
Political system
Constitutional Monarchy
Surface area
7,692,000 km
23.3 million 
Population density
Predominant religion
Official language
Australian Dollar
GDP (current prices) 
1,482.5  trillions (US$)
GDP per capita 
62,822 (US$)


Trade & Market Profile

Australia is a rich country in natural resources with reserves of bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth metals, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, oil, etc ..

At the industrial level, we highlight the mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food products, chemicals and steel.

The main products of the primary sector are wheat, barley, sugar cane, fruit, cattle, sheep and poultry.


Practical guide for trade & market access


Duo to the liberalism that characterizes trade with the outside world, Australian authorities do not require licenses for the import of most goods, although, for certain products, it is required to obtain approvals from the relevant authorities (such as chemical and primary products, narcotics, psychotropic and therapeutic substances, hazardous materials and weapons). These limitations are justified: for health reasons, safety and environment; for control of the requirements in terms of packaging, labelling and technical specifications; or to comply with international agreements.

Interested parties may access on the website of the Australian Customs Service (Australian Customs and Border Protection Service) the relevant information on import (Importing Goods), in particular, listing of products subject to restrictions or prohibitions (Prohibited and Restricted Imports), labelling requirements Product (Labelling Requirements / Commerce Markings) and additional information on the subject - Frequently Asked Questions (Importing Goods).

In the case of import of food, plants, wood, animals or animal products, it is important to contact the Department of Agriculture; in many situations it is necessary to carry out laboratory tests of inspecting goods entering the country and comply with quarantine procedures in order to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases. This governmental agency provides the Import Conditions Database (ICON) where the import conditions for all kinds of plants are planned, animals, microorganisms, mineral products, among others.

(AICEP) - translation

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